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What are the four pillars of democracy?

We added one more in the list of pillars of democracy.

5. Social media


What is judicial system?

Judicial system applies laws accordance with the Constitution to resolve disputes among citizen of the country.

Why do we need judicial system?

In any country, state or city disputes are bound to arise between citizens, person, community or government. Any kind of disputes between personal, group or government should resolve by an independent system of law.

According to the Constitution of India that all citizens rich or poor, men or women, upper caste or backward caste are bound to the same constitutional laws.

Judicial system plays a vital role in protecting rule of law and make sure supremacy and equality of law. It safeguards the constitutional rights of the citizens resolves disputes according to the law and make sure that democracy don't give way to dictatorship to any individual citizen or group of citizens.

Independent judicial system safeguard the rights of the citizens.

• The other wings of government system like executive and legislature should not interfere in the working of judiciary that judicial system is unable to do justice.

• The executive or legislature wings of government should not interfere in the process of decision-making of judicial system.

• Judges must able to do their duties without any pressure, fear or favor of any other government wings.

• Judicial system is a part of any country having democratic political structure and it is directly proportional to the Constitution and the citizen of the country.

How to give independence of judiciary and protect it.

• The Constitution of India has ensured the independent process of judicial system through a various measures and rules.

• The legislature has no involvement in the process of appointment of judges. That will make sure that political ideology will not play role in process of appointment making judicial system neutral to political ideology.

• In order to appointed as a judge person must have knowledge and experience as a lawyer. Political ideology of the person should not the criteria for appointments. 

• The judges have fixed tenure till the age of retirement and hold the office till than. In some exceptions judge is remove otherwise they have security of working tenure which, will safeguard the working of judge without any favour or fear.

• The Constitution of India describe very complex ways for removal of judges.
The Constitution believes that the complex procedure will make sure security to the member of judicial system.

• The judicial system is not dependent on any wings of government executive or legislature. The salary of judges is not subject for the approval.

• Judges have immunity from personal criticism in taking actions and decisions. The judge's have the power to penalize those who are guilty of contempt of Court.


The Constitution of India gives single judicial system unlike many other federal countries in the world, India does not have separate state courts. The structure of Indian judicial system is as follows :

Supreme court is highest level.

High courts work below supreme court.

Districts and section courts.


What is executive of government?

The executive of government is the sole responsible person for the administration of the important organs of the government in the country.

Types of executive.

1. Collective leadership

A) Parliamentary
• The top of the government is Prime minister.
• He has the majority in the legislature.
• He is important for legislature.

B) Semi presidential
• President is the head of the state.
• Head of the government is Prime minister.
• Prime minister and member of council are responsible for legislature.

2. Individual leadership

A) Presidential
• President is the head of the state.
• President is the head of the government.
• President is directly elected by the people.
• President is not accountable for legislature.

Executive in India.
1. President
2. Vice president
3. Cabinet ministers

Responsibility of executive is to pass law made by the legislature.


What is legislature?

Legislature can define as the group of powerful people who are responsible for making laws in the city or a country. 

In India we can call Parliament of India as a legislature organ of the government as they make new laws and reforms in the country.

Legislature in India.
India is democratic country with the parliamentary mode of government.

In India parliament is consist of President and two houses.

1. Lower house LOK SABHA (House of the people.

What is Lok Sabha?

• Members of Lok Sabha and the state legislative assemblies are directly elected by the citizens.

• Since, 1971 census there are 543 constituencies in India.

• The member of Lok Sabha is elected for five years.

• Lok Sabha can be dissolved before the time if no party can form government with most if Prime minister advice the President to dissolve the Lok sabha and hold fresh election.

What are powers of the Lok Sabha

• Lok Sabha can make laws on matters included in Union list and can introduce money and non money bill.

• Lok Sabha approves the proposal for financial statements, taxation and budgets.

• Controls executive by asking questions, resolutions, and motion through no coincidence motion. 
• Lok Sabha amends the Constitution.

• Lok Sabha approves Proclamation for emergencies.

• Lok Sabha elects President, Vice President and can remove judges of Supreme and High court.

• Lok Sabha establish committee. 

2. Upper house RAJYA SABHA (Council of state)

What is Rajya Sabha?

• The member of Rajya Sabha represent the states of India.

• The member of Rajya Sabha are not elected by the citizens.

• The residents of states choose members of state Legislative Assembly. The elected member of state Legislative Assembly choose the members of Rajya Sabha.

What are powers of Rajya Sabha.

• Rajya Sabha approves non money bills and suggests amendment to money bills.

• Rajya Sabha approves constitutional amendments.

• Control executive by asking questions, introducing motions and resolutions. 

• Rajya Sabha pick President, Vice President, judges of Supreme and High courts. 

• Rajya Sabha alone can remove Vice President.


The fourth and the most powerful pillar of the democracy is media. Media can affect most of the people in the country and even worldwide. Media can change point of view of masses and can affect all the three pillars of democracy. 

Though media are not the part of political system but plays a key role in framing the political, social and religious matters in the country and the world. Media shows the current situation of the country the law framed by the legislatures, law passed by the executives and the judgments passed by the judicial systems. 

Media can high light new reforms of government, their negative and positive aspects to the people. Development in the country and problems of the common people.

In absence of Media the three organs of government will take all things for granted as there is no one to question them and the development, law and order will be only on papers.

Today media are having more power than any of the government wings. As the media can changes mind of the masses and can shook the government in a moment.

5. Social Media
As time changes there are many things which change according to time which may be technology or any other medium of connecting people.

In past year we have seen so many big decision has been taken due to transparency created by social media in the mind of public. Govt of any country fears a lot from social Media as it can't be manipulated or can be purchased or cannot be suppressed by anyone. 

About author

Dipen shah

Dipen Shah : Author

Motivational speaker, Business consultantpolitical analysts.


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